null
spots timer droplet-surface droplets directional hair surface shine texture shield dry-sensitive fine-lines flaky-dull lash-brow lg-pores lines-tight oily redness reverse-aging tzone wrinkles

The cookie settings on this website are set to 'allow all cookies' to give you the very best experience. Please click Accept Cookies to continue to use the site.

Glucosamine

$6.99
Skin Concern:
Age-Defying, Age Spots
Skin Type:
All skin types
Size:
4.8g

Glucosamine is a component of hyaluronic acid, making it beneficial for dry skin. This amino sugar also helps eliminate dark spots and enhances the benefits of niacinamide.

Glucosamine is a component of hyaluronic acid, making it beneficial for dry skin. This amino sugar also helps eliminate dark spots and enhances the benefits of niacinamide.

How to use it

Beginner: Add up to 1 tube to 4 oz of your favorite base cream or water-based formula.

Advanced: This ingredient is recommended for use at up to 4% in formulations. We recommend adding this ingredient during the heated water phase of a formulation, but it is also very soluble at room temperature. This ingredient can be used in a pH range of 2-8.

Quick Tips

Store in a cool, dark location.

Research

Kim, C. -H., Cheong, K. A., Park, C. D., Lee, A. –Y (2011) Glucosamine Improved Atopic Dermatitis-like Skin Lesions in NC/Nga Mice by Inhibition of Th2 Cell Development. Scandinavian J. Immunology 73: 536-545.

Callender, Valerie D., St Surin-Lord, Sharleen, Davis, Erica C., Maclin, Marissa (2011) Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation Etiologic and Therapeutic Considerations American J. Clinical Dermatology, 87-99.

Mammone T, Gan D, Fthenakis C, Marenus K (2009) The effect of N-acetyl-glucosamine on stratum corneum desquamation and water content in human skin. Journal Cosmetic Science 60 423-428.

Kimball, A. B., Kaczvinsky, J. R., Li, J., Robinson, L. R., Matts, P. J.Berge, C. A.Miyamoto, K.)Bissett, D. L. (2010) Reduction in the appearance of facial hyperpigmentation after use of moisturizers with a combination of topical niacinamide and N-acetyl glucosamine: results of a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled trial. British J Dermatology 162: 435-441.

DISCLAIMERS
For Topical Use Only, Not Intended for Consumption.

Claims on this page have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not intended to diagnose, cure, treat or prevent any disease.